Types of STDs and Symptoms
No one wants to get an STD.
However, it’s a fact of life that sexually transmitted diseases are out there and that you’re at risk to get one, especially if you’re sexually active. It’s important to be educated about STDs and to know what kinds are out there and what symptoms they can have.
What Are STDs?
Sexually transmitted diseases: any of various diseases or infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact including some (as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital herpes) chiefly spread by sexual means and others (as hepatitis B and AIDS) often contracted by nonsexual means. –Merriam Webster
These sexually transmitted diseases are also referred to as STIs (sexually transmitted infections), or venereal diseased. According to the American Sexual Health Association based on information from a 2004 study, “one in two sexually active persons will contract an STI by age 25.”
It is important to note that it is possible, though not as common, to get an STD from things other than sexual contact. For example, a blood transfusion from a donor with STD or sharing needles can transmit these diseases. A pregnant mother with an STD runs the risk of transmitting her STD to her child either during pregnancy or childbirth.
What Are Common Types of STDs?
HIV & AIDS
If you think you might have an STD, it is important that you get tested and treated as soon as you can. Don’t wait for the problem to get worse before you visit a clinic or talk to your doctor. Some of these STDs are easily treated by medicine but can get pretty serious if given too time to spread.
If you’re sexually active, it is important to get regularly checked for STDs.
Have any questions about sexually transmitted diseases? Contact White Rose Women’s Center for more resources and what to know about STDs.